Oromia pdf

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Agent Banking. Mobile Banking. Read more. Conventional Banking. International Money Transfer Agents.The census reported the population of Oromia as 35,; this makes it the largest regional state in population. It is also the largest regional state coveringsquare kilometers.

The current regional capital of Oromia is Addis Ababaalso known as Finfinne which is also the capital of the country. It was changed from Addis Ababa to Adama ina move that sparked considerable controversy; the government was forced to bring the regional capital back to Addis Ababa on 10 June Oromia shares a boundary with almost every region of Ethiopia except for the Tigray Region. This boundary has been disputed with Oromia's neighbors in a number of cases, most notably between Oromia and the Somali Region.

One attempt to resolve the dispute between the two regions was the October referendum held in about kebeles in 12 woredas across five zones of the Somali Region.

Oromia Rural Land Use and Administration Proclamation

In Oromiya, estimates based on figures given by local woreda and kebele authorities suggest that 21, people have been displaced in border woredas, namely MiesoDobaand Erer in the Mirab and Misraq Hararghe Zones.

Federal authorities believe that this number may be overstated by as much as 11, There are also more than 2, displaced persons in Mieso. On 12 September and continuing intoprotests broke out across Ethiopia and centered around the Oromia Region. Dozens of protesters were killed in the first days of the protests and internet service was cut in many parts of the region. Ethiopian Airlines Flight crashed in the woreda district of Gimbichu on 10 March Based on the census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia CSAOromia Region has a total population of 26, consisting of 13, men and 13, women; urban inhabitants number 3, or With an estimated area ofFor the entire region 5, households were counted, which results in an average for the region of 4.

The projected population for was 32, Oromo Afaan Oromoowhich is written with Latin characters, is the most commonly spoken language, spoken by Omotic languages are spoken by significant minorities in JimmaIllubabor and western Welega ; and some Nilo-Saharan languages including KomoMajangGumuzand Berta are spoken in communities scattered in the west.

Oromia is a major contributor to Ethiopia's main exports - gold, coffee, khat and cattle. Awoday in Hararghe is the biggest market of khat exporting to Djibouti and Somalia. It is also the largest producer of cereals and coffee. The CSA reported that, from to, tons of coffee were produced in Oromia, based on inspection records from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea Authority. This represents Farmers in the Region had an estimated total of 17, cattle representing According to a March World Bank publication, the average rural household has 1.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Oromia Zone. Regional State in Ethiopia. Regional State. Map of Ethiopia showing Oromia Region. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Archived from the original on 17 June Retrieved 29 May Retrieved 4 June Retrieved 13 September Walta Information Center. Archived from the original on 13 June Retrieved 25 February Message from the Commissioner.

O romia National Regional State is one of the nine regional state established in During the last two decades the regional government has undertaken various activities to realize socio-economic transformation in the region. Various sectoral policies and strategies have been designed and implemented to provide the basic service such as education, health and infrastructure. The efforts of the regional government have been improving the life of the people by reducing the poverty incidence in the region.

During the last two decades the absolute poverty in the region declined from 34 percent in to 24 percent in In addition to this the region experienced fast and broad based economic growth. With Great Regards. Teshome Adugna. Commissioner of Planning and Economic development Commission. By G. C becoming economic centerpiece of the region in improving the life and livelihood of the people through realization of sustainable economic development which benefits all equally.

Our planning and development commission of ormiya play the pivotal roles in accelerating the socio-economic development in the region. The major objectives of the commission are. News Center. Follow Us. Oromia Map. Sunday, 12 April Gallery Downloads.

oromia pdf

Addresses Contact. Message from the Commissioner O romia National Regional State is one of the nine regional state established in With Great Regards Dr. Read More Bara keessatti waliigalaan galii idilee mootummaa naannoo Oromiyaa qar. Vision By G. Undertake various research in the priorities to transform the regional economy.

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Follow Us Facebook Twitter Email.The Oromo people make up a significant portion of the Horn of Africa population. They account for approximately half of the population of Ethiopia.

Oromia is a title used to refer to the Oromo as a political, cultural and social entity. The Oromo people living in the Horn of Africa share a common language and a homogeneous culture.

During their long history the Oromo developed their own cultural, social and political system known as the Gadaa system. It is a uniquely democratic system governing life from birth to death.

Ecologically and agriculturally Oromia is the richest region in the Horn of Africa. Livestock products, coffee, oil seeds, and spices are the center of the economy. Mineral resources also are a part of the Oromo economy, and wild life is abundant in their homelands.

Living in East African nations, the Oromo people are largely unknown to most of the world; this work lifts up the people, their culture and their struggles.

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Political turmoil in Ethiopia and elsewhere in East Africa has resulted in a large Oromo population dispersed around the world. It is a community bound together by a concern for their homeland -- Oromia. Book jacket. Excerpt: Abomsa Abomsa is a town in central Ethiopia; the name comes from the Oromo word for "friend, comrade. It is the administrative center of Merti woreda. According to the Oromia Regional government, this town currently has telephone and postal service, and is provided with electricity on a 24 hour a day basis.

oromia pdf

Emperor Haile Selassie visited the veterans' resettlement project near the town on 31 Decemberwhich had at the time 8, acres 32 km under cultivation. During his visit the Emperor announ Dietary quality is typically proxied by diversity of the consumed diet. Foods with similar nutritional qualities are first grouped together and dietary diversity is measured by the number of different food groups consumed in a certain time interval.

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For example, the World Health Organization recommends that children months consume at least from four food groups out of seven every day. The available evidence suggests that diets are monotonous also at the household level. This report is structured as follows.It is a system that organises the Oromo society into groups or sets about that assume different responsibilities in the society every eight years.

It has guided the religious, social, political and economic life of Oromo for many years, and also their philosophy, art, history and method of time-keeping. It is the law of the society, a system by which Oromo administer, defend their territory and rights, maintain and guard their economy and through which all their aspirations are fulfilled.

Afaan Oromo was banned during the regime of Haile Selassie, and Amharic was the only language taught in schools or used in the public sphere for decades. Thus Oromos who had formal education or grew up in urban areas can speak and write Amharic, while people in the countryside who were isolated from educational campaigns have continued to speak Oromiffaa. Some Oromos may also speak Tigrigna, Somali, Arabic, or Swahili, but most Oromo refugees prefer to speak Oromiffaa as a matter of cultural pride.

The Oromo Law has two basic categories:. In Oromo culture, each person has one main name, their given name. Their second name is the main name of their father. A third name is usually the name of their paternal grandfather. The formal Oromo name is used in Oromo rituals. There are no formal religious requirements for naming a child in the Oromo tradition. The name has also no inherent religious significance. It must also be said that Oromo names have meanings as if to convey wishes of success, wisdom, and prosperity through generations.

Oromos view advance in age with great respect. The Oromo people use base eight as opposed to the traditional Western base ten. Oromos have a tradition of viewing long age as accumulation of wisdom gained from experience. Therefore, Oromos approach elders as students would professors, ready to learn. The elder of the village or the household is a leader of a given domain and perhaps beyond. Responsibilities, light or heavy, are assigned to persons according to how old the person is.

The older the person, the less physical responsibilities, such as farming, heavy lifting, etc.

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Physical responsibilities are usually assigned to the young, physically strong and able. Elders are given the task of thinking, conveying and radiating wisdom as needed.Although Oromos have their own unique culture, history, language, and civilization, they are culturally related to Afars, Somalis, Sidamas, Agaws, Bilens, Bejas, Kunamas, and other groups.

In the past, Oromos had an egalitarian social system known as gada.

oromia pdf

Their military organization made them one of the strongest ethnic groups in the Horn of Africa between the twelfth and nineteenth centuries. Gada was a form of constitutional government and also a social system. Political leaders were elected by the men of the community every eight years.

Corrupt or dictatorial leaders would be removed from power through buqisu recall before the official end of their term. Oromo women had a parallel institution known as siqqee. This institution promoted gender equality in Oromo society.

Gada closely connected the social and political structures. Male Oromos were organized according to age and generation for both social and political activities. The gada government was based on democratic principles. The abba boku was an elected "chairman" who presided over the chaffee assembly and proclaimed the laws.

The abba dula defense minister was a government leader who directed the army. A council known as shanee or salgee and retired gada officials also helped the abba boku to run the government. All gada officials were elected for eight years. The main qualifications for election included bravery, knowledge, honesty, demonstrated ability, and courage.

The gada government worked on local, regional, and central levels. The political philosophy of the gada system was embodied in three main principles: terms of eight years, balanced opposition between parties, and power sharing between higher and lower levels. These checks and balances were created to prevent misuse of power. The goverment's independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches also were a way of balancing power.

Some elements of gada are still practiced in southern Oromia. The gada system was the basis of Oromo culture and civilization.

It helped Oromos maintain democratic political, economic, social, and religious institutions for many centuries.

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The gada political system and military organization enabled Oromos defend themselves against enemies who were competing with them for land, water, and power. Today, Oromos are engaged in a national liberation movement. Most Oromos support this liberation organization and its army, the Oromo Liberation Army.

Oromos are struggling for the opportunity to rule themselves and reinvent an Oromian state that will reflect the gada system.

Oromos call their nation and country Oromia.

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They have been living in the Horn of Africa for all of their known history. They are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa, with a population estimated at 28 million people in the mids. Oromia is located mainly within Ethiopia and covers an area of aboutsquare milessquare kilometers. The 3.

oromia pdf

Present-day Oromos also live in Kenya and Somalia. In the late nineteenth century, Oromos were colonized and mainly joined with- Ethiopia. They lost their independent institutional and cultural development. Oromia is considered the richest region of the Horn of Africa because of its agricultural and natural resources. It is considered by many to be the "breadbasket" of the Horn. Farm products, including barley, wheat, sorghum, xafi a grainmaize, coffee, oil seeds, chat a stimulant leaforanges, and cattle are raised in abundance in Oromia.


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